Evaluation of the epidemiological aspects and the impact of COVID-19 on tuberculosis notifications in São Paulo

Keywords: Tuberculosis, Epidemiological Monitoring, Health Profile, Cross-Sectional Study, Coronavirus


Objective: This study aimed to analyze the incidence and epidemiological profile of tuberculosis (TB) cases registered in a region of the State of São Paulo (SP) and to assess the impact of COVID19 on TB incidence and completeness of notifications. Methods: This is a retrospective crosssectional study analyzing reports of adult patients with TB, who were notified in the TB-Web from January 2010 to December 2020. Sociodemographic (e.g. sex, race and scholarity) and clinical variables (e.g., clinical form, types of cases and comorbidities) were collected and analyzed. The completeness of TB notifications and the impact of COVID-19 on TB notifications were evaluated, considering the year of 2020. The study was reported following Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (STROBE) checklist for cross-sectional studies [CAAE 33166620.0.0000.0102]. Results: A total of 1,509 notifications were included, with a mean incidence of 48.5/100,000 inhabitants. The median age was 42 years, most notification included males (71%), were of white race (42%) and had the pulmonary form of TB (85%). In assessing the impact of the pandemic on notifications in 2020, there was a decrease of 36% in the number of TB notifications, with an emphasis between July and August, which was the peak period of COVID-19 cases in the region. No change in the completeness of TB notifications was observed in this period. Conclusions: Results indicate the clinical and epidemiological profile in a region of SP between 2010 and 2020. The pandemic led to a decrease in the number of TB notifications but did not change the completeness of notifications.

Research Article