Assessment tool for potentially inappropriate medication use in the elderly: a scoping review protocol
Potentially Inappropriate Medication for the elderly (PIM) are drugs in which the safety risks may exceed the benefits, especially when there are safer alternatives. The use of PIM is associated with increased hospitalizations and it is estimated that one every five prescriptions presents at least one PIM. In this context, there are several assessment tools for identification of PIM. The first assessment tool developed was Beers criteria and since its publication, new tools have been developed. The objective of this scoping review is to explore studies presenting assessment tools of PIM to map characteristics, justifications, and therapeutic equivalents. This review will consider studies that developed or validated an assessment tool of PIM. Electronic searches will be performed in PubMed and Scopus with no time limit. Two researchers, independently, will select registries and extract data of studies and tool characteristics, PIM and potentially inappropriate interaction, condition, justification, and therapeutic equivalents. The findings will be presented in narrative form including tables and figures to aid in data presentation, where appropriate.