Factors Associated with the Types of Heparin used in the Treatment of Unstable Angina at a Brazilian Hospital

  • M.A.P. Martins
  • S.M.S. Magalhães
  • C.C. César
  • A.M.M. Reis
  • M.H.N.G. Abreu
Keywords: Hospital pharmacy/assessment. Angina pectoris/ treatment. Heparin/prescription. Enoxaparin/prescription.


Unfractionated heparin (UFH) and low-molecularweight heparins (LMWHs) are widely used in curative and preventive treatments of thromboembolic disorders. The aim of the study was to investigate factors associated with the choice of these types of heparin to treat patients with unstable angina under real conditions of hospital use. A cross-sectional study was performed in a private general hospital in Belo Horizonte, Brazil, from January 1st to December 31th, 2001. Data were collected from the hospital electronic database. Inpatients with angina who received enoxaparin or UFH were included in the survey. Data for 555 patients were recorded, including 401 treated with enoxaparin and 154 with UFH. Univariate analysis showed that male and elderly people predominated in both groups, with no statistical difference in the proportions (p>0.05). Multivariate analysis showed 4 factors associated with the use of enoxaparin: cardiac revascularization surgery (OR=0.434), arrhythmias (OR=9.343), risk factors for coronary artery disease (OR=1.333) and private health insurance (OR=0.297). Thus, clinical and organizational factors were associated with the type of heparin used by patients with unstable angina at this hospital. Further drug utilization studies are necessary to expand and improve the data available on the use of heparins in the hospital setting.

Research Article