Acute toxicity study of stone-breaker (Phyllanthus tenellus Roxb.)

  • Tássia Campos de Lima e Silva
  • Jorge Veras Filho
  • Elba Lúcia Cavalcanti de Amorim
  • Ivone Antonia Souza
  • Ulysses Paulino de Albuquerque
  • Ednaldo Cavalcante de Araújo
Keywords: Acute toxicity. LD50. Stone-breaker. Euphorbiaceae


Phyllanthus tenellus Roxb. is a herbaceous plant native to Brazil and appears frequently in humid environments. This plant is used to treat urolithiasis, inflammatory bowel disease, diabetes and hepatitis B. The acute toxicity and LD50 of an aqueous extract of P. tenellus were determined in laboratory mice and their behavior was analyzed. The intraperitoneal LD50 was calculated by the Karber & Behrens (1964) method, for which a 96% alcoholic extract was concentrated in a rotary evaporator. Male albino mice (Mus musculus) were divided into three batches of six animals and observed for 24 hours after administration of the extract, diluted in 0.9% saline, at doses of 500, 1000, 1500, 2000 and 2500 mg / kg. Short-term studies have demonstrated this plant to be non-toxic; however, we found that this species induced agitation in animals, with stereotyped movements, spasms and increased respiratory frequency, as well as signs of depression, such as sleepiness, prostration, dyspnea and a reduction in respiratory frequency.

Research Article